Since the beginning of the 2000s, social media has played a continuously growing part of people lives. These online communities help bring people of common interest together, offer them a public sphere where they can interact, discuss and express their opinions, on almost any given topic, independent of the users geographical location or social-economic stands (at least in regards to the user already online, of course, it is still a matter of who actually has access to them). This is relatively new in regards to the public sphere, and social media has in the last couple of years been given credit for their involvement in several societal changes across the world, from the Iran election in 2009 to the uprisings in the Arab World in 2011. In our literature review we aim to answer the following questions:
- Have independent channels for citizen media outlived themselves, and can old-school citizen media meet the Web 2.0 social media revolution?
- How are social media used in the process of social change?
- How is social media deployed in concrete development work and lastly,
- How democratic are social media?