References used in posts and comments:

Atton, Chris (2002) Alternative Media.  SAGE.

Cammaerts, B. and Carpentier, N. (eds) (2007) Reclaiming the media: communication rights and democratic media roles. Bristol: Intellect.

Chun, Wendy Hui Kyong (2006) Control and Freedom Power and Paranoia in the Age of Fiber Optics. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Earl, Jennifer & Kimport, Katrina (2011) Digitally Enabled Social Change : Activism in the Internet Age. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Hands, Joss (2010) @ Is for Activism : Dissent, Resistance and Rebellion in a Digital Culture. London: Pluto Press.

Lievrouw, L. A. (2011) Alternative and Activist New Media – Digital Media and Society Series. Oxford: Polity Press

Lovink, Geert & Zehle, Soenke (2005) The Incommunicado Reader. Amsterdam: Institute of Network Cultures.

Malcolm, Jeremy (2008) Multi-Stakeholder Governance and the Internet Governance Forum. Terminus Press.